Boxer Dog Breed Information

The modern Boxer is essentially a refined and modified version of a now extinct German breed called the Bullenbeiser, or Bull Biter. The Bullenbeiser was used to hunt large game such as boar, deer and bear cubs. Its method of attack was to chase down prey and latch onto it, stopping or slowing the animal so the dogs master could dispatch it. For this, the Bullenbeiser?s broad, powerful jobs and recessed nose were valuable traits, as they allowed the dog to maintain its grip while still being able to breathe.

These same qualities were also desirable in the blood sport of bull baiting, in which dogs were loosed upon enraged bulls, and beginning in the 1820s German Bullenbeisers were crossed with mastiffs, terriers and English Bulldogs in an attempt to create a more specialized bull baiter. The result was a dog of considerable size and toughness, with a face that bears a keen resemblance to that of a Bulldog. The dog did not see much action in its intended profession, however, as bull baiting became increasingly outlawed throughout Europe. But the resilient Boxer soon found other uses, and it was not long before the Boxer was working throughout Germany as a guardian, policeman, soldier and all around work dog.

Toward the end of the 19th century the Boxer began to spread throughout Europe and eventually the United States. The Boxer Club was founded in Munich, Germany in 1895, and the breed was recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1904. The Boxer did not immediately catch on in the United States, but beginning shortly after World War II the dog began to steadily rise in popularity. Today, the Boxer is perennially among the top ten registered breeds in the United States.

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